Compared mediation

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Compared mediation has a field study extended to all practices of mediation and aims at identifying the various approaches of mediation according to the different areas of application and cultural environments. Thus, mediation can be subject to comparative studies concerning its scope of application (which enables to distinguish what is common and similar among the various interventions of a mediator) or studies related to a specific area analyzed according to the cultures (for example judicial mediation in several countries).


General Points

The first studies regarding compared mediation, because of the novelty of mediation practice, begin to be published. Nevertheless, some can be found in university thesis and the first doctorates in that field, which are still under separate discipline: philosophy, law, sociology or psychology, etc…

Indeed, in France, there is still no specific academic discipline of mediation, since it exists only in private sectors (2006).

For example, the recent introduction in 2006 of civil mediation in the Moroccan Code tends to define the mediator as a reconciler, i.e. with a predetermined goal, while in France the mediator does not have this type of result to search. The intervention of these two mediators in an international family mediation will involve a strong ambiguity regarding the different behavior of each third party mediator.

Attention: compared mediation has to be distinguished from intercultural mediation which deals with relations of social and economic integration and isolationism.


Regarding Practices

  • Philip Milburn, “La Médiation : Expériences et compétences », Publisher La Découverte, 2002 (French)

At the International

  • Jean-Pierre Bonafé-Schmitt, "La Médiation pénale en France et aux Etats-Unis", Publisher: LGDJ, 1998 (French)
  • Francine Summa, "Pratique au Québec et en France", Thesis, 2006 (French)

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