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Consciousness is a manifestation of the assertion of an identified "self". The famous "I think therefore I am" of René Descartes reflects a manifestation of the consciousness which is reflexive of the self. It is because I know I can think that I can deduce that I am. Consciousness implies an established relation between knowledge, whatever its kind, and knowing that we know.

Consciousness could deal with:

  • what we know that we know about us,

... becomes blurred about:

  • what we know that we do not know about us,

... gets lost in:

  • what we believe knowing about us,

... is absent regarding:

  • what we do not know that do not know about us.

We have named 'Homo sapiens' the Human who knows. And we have identified a blurred stage marking the evolution of the one who knows that he knows, that we have called the 'homo sapiens sapiens', i.e. the conscious Human.

We can notice that there are two aspects of consciousness:

  • The passive consciousness: I am aware of such thing but I consider it inevitable. I undergo, it is a painful thing to me, I do not feel able to change it;
  • The active consciousness: I am aware of such thing and I am capable to act on it even though it is painful to me.

There is currently no way to measure the state of consciousness of a person. There is no measuring instrument, even questionable, like the IQ. The only existing tools in our time are the tools based on the mirror reflection of how we operate, like for example the personality typologies.

Consciousness is a painful confrontation for our specie for a very long time. It tends to return us to the idea of intentionality, will, premeditation, guilt (and its mirror: accusation, reproach, blame...).

Consciousness is wrongly perceived as possibly having retroactive effects, which leads to guilt within situations in which we have not been able to intervene in all conscience. It is also sometimes amalgamated with moral values that we should know but have in fact no link with ourselves.

Can we conclude that the more limited is our consciousness, the more limited is our responsibility? In any case, it seems that a great consciousness also implies an uncertain responsibility...

All human beings are not equal in consciousness.

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