Independence is related with the various forms of authority, may it be hierarchical, cultural, moral, liturgical authority. Independence implies that the professional must not be subordinated by an authority. More than a status, it is a professional position in relation to any authority that would entrust a mission to the mediator. In France, this independence is guaranteed by the membership to the CPMN with the obligation to respect the Code of Ethics and Deontology of Mediation.
 General Principle
In theory, liberal professionals are independent from all authority. In practice this is not always the case. Liberal organizations use to have hierarchical systems. Nevertheless, an independent must be outside the relations of subordination, particularly during his interventions of professional exercise.
A mediator must be able to guarantee his independence from culture or authority. Therefore, the mediator should not request to a State to subordinate the exercise of professional mediation by a title or a certificate, or to regulate the profession of mediator. A professional mediator should attest of his self-discipline abilities, fundamental principle for the exercise of mediation, by his commitment to respect a code of ethics and deontology.
 In Mediation
A mediator is independent to any authority. He is not an executor of orders, and is never compelled to justify the progress of a led mediation. During an ordered mediation (judicial mediation), the mediator informs the judge of the outcome of his mission but only indicate if the mediation process has succeeded or not. No other information is given.
The Code of Ethics and Deontology of Mediation of the CPMN in France is a commitment of the mediator to respect a professional position of independence, which means for a professional mediator that he must not be a subordinate. More than a status, it is a professional position in relation to any authority that would entrust a mission to the mediator.