Ombudsmen in the world (National Ombudsmen)

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[edit] Ombudsmen in the World

[edit] Albania

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language: Defender of the People of Albania
  • Official website:

[edit] Andorra

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Germany

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Angola

  • creation: 2005
  • first ombudsman: Paulo Tijuca
  • name in the language: Provedor da Justiça
  • Official website:

[edit] Austria

  • creation: 1977
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Belgium

  • creation: 1997
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language: the Federal Mediator
  • Official website: The Federal Mediator

[edit] Benin

  • creation: 2004
  • first ombudsman Albert Tévoédjrè
  • name in the language: Mediator of the Republic of Benin
  • Official website

[edit] Bulgaria

  • creation: 2004
  • first ombudsman: Ginyo Ganev
  • name in the language: Parliamentary Ombudsman or national Mediator (is elected by the National Assembly)
  • Official website: Bulgarian Parliamentary Ombudsman

[edit] Burkina Faso

  • creation: Act of May 17, 1994
  • first ombudsman: Tiemoko Marc Garango
  • name in the language: Mediator of Faso
  • Official website: Mediator of Faso

[edit] Canada

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language: Parliamentary Ombudsman
  • Official website:

[edit] Canada (New Brunswick)

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language: Ombudsman of New Brunswick
  • Official website: Link
  • Current Ombudsman: Bernard Richard

[edit] Canada (Quebec)

  • creation: November 14, 1968
  • first ombudsman Louis Marceau
  • name in the language: Protector of the Citizen
  • Official website: Protector of the Citizen

[edit] Cyprus

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:
  • Nicos Chr. Charalambous, Commissioner for Administration 1995

[edit] Congo

  • creation: October 31, 1998
  • first ombudsman: Victor Tamba-Tamba
  • name in the language: Mediator of the Republic
  • Official website:

[edit] Ivory Coast

  • creation: September 29, 1995
  • first ombudsman: Mathieu Ekra
  • name in the language: Mediator of the Republic
  • Official website:

[edit] Croatia

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language: Pučki Pravobranitelj
  • Official website: link
  • Branko Babac, Ombudsman 1995

[edit] Denmark

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website: link
  • Jens Moeller, head of department of Danish Ombudsman

[edit] Djibouti

  • creation: May 12, 1999
  • first ombudsman: Hassan Farah Miguil
  • name in the language: Mediator of the Republic of Djibouti
  • Official website: Mediator of the Republic of Djibouti

[edit] Spain

  • creation: 1981
  • first ombudsman: Joaquín Ruiz-Giménez Cortes, 1982-1987
  • name in the language: Defender of the People (Defensor del Pueblo)
  • Official website: Defender of People

[edit] Estonia

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] United States of America (USA)

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Finland

  • creation: December 19, 1919
  • first ombudsman: Erik Alopaeus
  • name in the language: Parliamentary Ombudsman
  • Official website: Official Site
  • Pirkko K. Koskinen, Deputy Parliamentary Ombudsman

[edit] France

  • creation: 1973
  • first ombudsman: Antoine Pinay
  • name in the language: Mediator of the French Republic
  • Official website: Mediator of the French Republic

[edit] Gabon

  • creation: July 16, 1992
  • first ombudsman: Valentin Mihindou Mi-Nzamba
  • name in the language: Mediator of the Republic (Gabon)
  • Official website:

[edit] Georgia

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language: Mediator of the Republic (Georgia)
  • Official website:

[edit] Ghana

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language: Human Rights Commissioner
  • Official website:
  • Emile F. Short

[edit] Greece

  • creation: 1998
  • first ombudsman: Nikiforos Diamandouros, from 1998 to 2003
  • name in the language: ΣΥΝΗΓΟΡΟΣ ΤΟΥ ΠΟΛΙΤΗ meaning: the ‘Advocate of the citizen’ or the ‘Defender of the citizens’
  • Official website
  • Documentation in French

[edit] Haiti

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Hungary

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Mauritius

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language: Ombudsman
  • Official website:
  • Mr. S. Hatteea 1995

[edit] India

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Ireland

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:
  • Kevin Murphy 1995

[edit] Iceland

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language: Parliamentary Ombudsman
  • Official website:
  • Gaukur Jorundsson 1995

[edit] Italy

In Italy there is no national Ombudsman, but in provincial mediator Vallée d'Aosta:

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language: Mediator of the Vallée d'Aosta (Italy)
  • Official website:

[edit] Latvia

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Lithuania

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Luxembourg

  • creation: 2003
  • first ombudsman: Marc Fischbach
  • name in the language: Mediator of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
  • Official website: Official Site

[edit] Madagascar

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language: Mediator of the Republic (Madagascar)
  • Official website:
  • Victor Miadana

[edit] Mali

  • creation: March 14, 1997
  • first ombudsman: Demba Diallo, until April 2002.
  • name in the language: Mediator of the Republic (Mali)
  • Official website: Mediator of the Republic of Mali

[edit] Morocco

  • creation: December 9, 2001
  • first ombudsman: Moulay Slimane Alaoui.
  • name in the language: Diwan al madhalim
  • Official website:

[edit] Malta

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Mauritania

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language: Mediator of the Republic (Mauritania)
  • Official website:
  • Sid 'Ahmed Ould Bneijara

[edit] Moldova

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Namibia

  • Ephrain KASUTO, Ombudsman per interim since 1995

[edit] Norway

  • creation:
  • Arne FLIFLET, Parliamentary Ombudsman

[edit] New Zealand

  • creation: 1962
  • first ombudsman: Guy Powles
  • name in the language: Parliamentary Ombudsman or Parliamentary Commissioner
  • Official website: link

[edit] Uganda

  • A. Ruzindana, Inspector General of Government, Ombudsman

[edit] Netherlands

  • creation: 1st January 1982
  • first ombudsman: Jakob Folkert Rank (1982 - 1987)
  • name in the language: National Ombudsman in the same idea as Parliamentary Ombudsman
  • Official website: National Ombudsman
  • NB: The Ombudsman concept has been introduced since 1969 on Dutch television.

[edit] Poland

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Puerto Rico

  • creation: 1977
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Portugal

  • creation: 1975
  • first ombudsman: Manuel Brás da Costa (1975/1976)
  • name in the language: Provedor de Justiça
  • Official website: link

[edit] Slovak Republic

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Czech Republic

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Romania

• creation: • first ombudsman: Ioan Muraru • name in the language: Avocatul Poporului • Official website: Link

[edit] United Kingdom

  • creation: 1967
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language: Parliamentary Commissioner
  • Official website:
  • Association of British and Irish Ombudsmen '(BIOA) BIOA.org.uk link

[edit] Russia

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language: Ombudsman of the Russian Federation
  • Official website:

[edit] Saint Lucia

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Senegal

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Seychelles

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Slovenia

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Sweden

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Switzerland

  • creation of service:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Tanzania

  • creation: 1968
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Chad

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language:
  • Official website:

[edit] Tunisia

  • creation:
  • first ombudsman:
  • name in the language: Administrative Mediator of Tunisia
  • Official website:

[edit] Ukraine

  • creation: 1998
  • first ombudsman: Ніна Карпачова (in Ukrainian), Nina Karpachova
  • name in the language: уповноважений Верховної Ради з прав людини (Representative of the Superior Council of Ukraine (Ukrainian parliament) on Human Right)
  • Official website: http://www.ombudsman.kiev.ua/

[edit] Vanuatu

  • creation: 1994
  • first ombudsman, from 1994 to 1999: Marie-Noelle Ferrieux-Patterson
  • name in the language: Mediator of the Republic (Vanuatu)
  • Official website
  • Controversy

[edit] Venezuela

  • creation: 1999
  • first ombudsman: Germán Mundarain
  • name in the language: Defender of the People
  • Official website:

[edit] For Europe

  • European Council: Commissioner for Human Rights of the European Council
  • European Union: The European Ombudsman

[edit] For the United Nations

  • Ombudsman of the secretariat of United Nations

[edit] =Internal Links

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