Othercentrism

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"Othercentrism" or "Altercentrism" is a neologism created by Jean-Louis Lascoux, for use in mediation, with the prefix 'other' or 'alter' and the suffix 'center', and whose meaning is to focus consciously and rationally on the other within the objective to assist his reflection. This is a technique initiated in the framework of the development of a scientific approach for conflict resolution. This technique frames the reflection within otherness led by the mediator during the mediation process.

[edit] Definition

The term "Othercentrism" has been created to translate the idea of being able to remain "centered" on the expression of someone in order to facilitate or accompany it, both regarding aspects of reflection, interpretation, perception, relation with reality and all emotional aspects (empathy).

The position of "centering on the other" aims to express and anticipate:

  • What an interlocutor can feel, think or imagine;
  • What an interlocutor has thought, felt or imagined;
  • What an interlocutor could think, feel or imagine.

Othercentrism may also consist of the formulation of one or more hypothesis that must be presented only as possibilities or probabilities. The intonation and inflection of the pronunciation are essential in this formulation.

This is not a matter of "being in the shoes of someone else", but of listening, accompanying him in his expression and returning what have been meant by what have been said, both through his verbal and non-verbal expressions.

Othercentrism is a skill that can be learnt and developed like any other skill, while otherness is the attitude in oneself that follows.

[edit] Techniques

  • Reformulation: the beginnings of sentences of othercentrism;
  • Strategies and interactions in communications;
  • Suggestions of hypothesis and positioning;
  • Synthesis, etc...

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